Blood Conservation Devices and Equipment


Hemostatic Surgical Instruments



Minimally Invasive Surgery

An approach to surgery whereby operations are performed with specialized instruments designed to be inserted into the patient through small incisions or natural body openings.  This avoids the need for large incisions, minimizing the bleeding and trauma of surgery to the body.  Miniaturized telescope-like devices allow surgeons to watch their actions on a television monitor, instead of looking directly at the part of the body being treated.




Blood Recovery/Salvage Devices

Awareness of the need for blood conservation in the surgical patient and concerns about the risks of allogeneic blood transfusion have prompted clinicians to make wider use of the autologous blood recovery techniques.  Modern intraoperative and postoperative autotransfusion is considered to be safe, well tolerated, and cost-effective for a variety of patients with profuse bleeding.




Minimally and Noninvasive Blood Diagnostic and Monitoring Systems



Clinical Oxygen Delivery Systems




Medical and Surgical Techniques




Autologous Techniques

The broad categories of autologous techniques are (1) preoperative blood donation and storage (see Preoperative Techniques), (2) intraoperative and postoperative blood cell recovery (see Blood Recovery/Salvage Devices), and (3) intraoperative hemodilution.