Non-blood Volume Expanders
- Crystalloids. ††Intravenous fluids made
up of water with various dissolved salts and sugars.† These fluids are used to help maintain
circulating blood volume in the body.†
Crystalloids include normal saline, Hartmannís, Ringerís lactate,
and hypertonic saline.
- Colloids.† Intravenous fluids composed of water mixed with very small
particles of proteins or other material.†
These small particles do not dissolve in water.† Colloids are used to maintain blood
protein levels that stabilize fluid balances and circulation volume in the
body.† Colloids include
pentastarch, hetastarch, gelatin, and dextran.